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Category Archives: Uncategorized

A Conversation With Three Pandemic Viruses During a Time of Plague – Part Two

April 11, 2021

Part Two: A Conversation With COVID-19 Prologue The second virus with whom I had a conversation was COVID-19. Her full name is SARS-CoV-2. She comes from the slightly less prominent family of Orthocoronavirinae. She prefers to go by her nickname of COVID-19. It was kind of her to accept an invitation to tell her story …more»

A Conversation With Three Pandemic Viruses During a Time of Plague

April 3, 2021

Arthur J Ammann MDFounder Global Strategies. Clinical Professor PediatricsGlobal Health Sciences Affiliate Faculty MemberUniversity of California San Francisco Medical Center Preface Part One: A Conversation With H2N2 Prologue After reading The Plague by Albert Camus in High School, I was intrigued with the devastation that microbes could force onto mankind. My first encounter with a living influenza …more»

Moral Hazard

October 21, 2017

An Ethical Principle to Prevent Exploitation of Vulnerable Research Subjects. In 1865 Arthur Charles Ducat writing in “The Practice of Fire Underwriting” articulated the concept of moral hazard applying it to the risk insurance companies undergo proceeding from destruction of property by fires. After observing suspicious fires on insured properties he suggested that some policyholders …more»

Institutional Review Boards

December 24, 2016

Competency of IRBs In a Time of Rapidly Expanding Medical Discoveries and Clinical Research. Institutional review boards (IRBs) were first implemented in the 1960s to review clinical research protocols. If approved, they would be funded by the US government. Clinical research was primarily conducted at academic institutions but the FDA also had an important role in …more»

World Health Organization Wrong Again. Ethics of Standard of Care.

July 18, 2013

Upon releasing its 2013 HIV treatment guidelines WHO treads on the ethics of defining its standard of care based on economic criteria. Below is a commentary by Brad Balukjian from LA Times following an interview with Dr. Ammann. July 6, 2013 LA Times The World Health Organization’s new recommendation that people with HIV begin treatment …more»